Walking out the Door
know George. He's the guy you call when you have a problem. George has worked for
his current employer, an oil company, for nearly 30 years and there's very little he
hasn't faced. Rumor has
it he can solve any problem in 15 minutes or less. The
good news is you have a vital knowledge asset in George. The bad news
is he's opted for early
retirement. And when George leaves, so does his knowledge.
why didn’t you protect yourself from losing all that knowledge?
Business moves too quickly for you to take the months, even years,
necessary to rebuild lost knowledge. Time lost trying to replace key
knowledge can cost a fortune. More importantly, financial losses
resulting from not having the knowledge when you need it could cripple
your company. So
what can you do? Is it too
you should have worked on the transfer of knowledge long before George
began planning his retirement. In
the real world, however, it’s not uncommon for companies to wait
until the eleventh hour to begin thinking about what to do.
Thankfully, there are practical, low-tech, cost-effective ways to
capture George’s tacit knowledge and make it available to other
people who need it.
key is a targeted decision-making/problem-solving focus.
Don’t try to capture everything George knows or try to build
a computerized version of his brain. Instead, focus only on the key
processes, actions and behaviors that illustrate how George does what
he does. You want to capture the steps of the process including how,
what, when and where, then deliver this information back in the form
of solutions, chunks, or knowledge nuggets that are immediately
don't have to leave for you to lose knowledge:
knowledge when an expert quits, retires or is hired away is worrisome
enough, but so often companies lose knowledge inside the organization
while people are still there. Experts get promoted, transferred or
take other jobs within the company and we lose track of what they
people change jobs we tend to associate them with the new role and
make a terrible psychological mistake.
We generalize and unconsciously assume they only know things
related to that one job. It's as though we forget about all the other experience they bring to
do we keep track of who knows what?
of the smartest things you can do is implement a yellow pages type of
"find the expert" directory. Not only is this generally a
low-cost investment in technology, people and time, it’s one that
can offers a dramatic return on investment. The key in making the
program work rests in the quality of the information provided. It
should not focus on basic bio or resume-type data. Rather, it should
focus on knowledge and applied expertise. It should be a directory of
"who's worked where, doing what, with what, and with whom."
the Georges in your organization:
In order to identify the people in your organization whose
minds possess key knowledge, you should start with your business
strategies, objectives and core competencies. What is it that your
organization absolutely must do to be successful?
In the case of George’s company, one of the key competencies
is resolving well problems quickly and efficiently. Every minute a
well isn’t pumping, the company is losing money.
this simple exercise. Think about people in your organization who have
key knowledge in their heads. You'll want to focus on vital knowledge and abilities that aren't easily available
anywhere else or easily replaced if the expert becomes unavailable to
a minute and think about the key knowledge in your organization. It
might be knowledge concerning:
A relationship with a particular customer
A key operational process
A key technology or system
A geography or country and its business customs
How to pick the right person for the right job or how to put
together a winning team
The internal infrastructure, the tools, the culture, "how to
get things done around here."
not everyone in your organization is a George or has the potential to
be a George. You don't need to capture and classify everything that everybody knows.
Your objective is to recognize which knowledge is most
important to the success of your organization, who has it, and who
would benefit from it most.
of five people who have key knowledge in your organization, and how
their knowledge is used. Now imagine if these five people were no
longer around. What would it be like on a day-to-day basis if you didn't have access to
their skills and knowledge?
some situations it is obvious what kind of knowledge is important (for
example, knowing where to drill for oil). In others, there may be a
fair amount of preexisting explicit knowledge that you can use to
build the foundation of your employee knowledge base. Sometimes, the
tool may be a manual or a quick-reference card. Other times, an
interactive, computer-based training tool might be more appropriate.
Video or live telecasts are also good delivery vehicles.
Apprenticeships and mentoring might also be appropriate.
point is, the simplicity or complexity of the process depends on a
multitude of factors: the
nature of the knowledge, where you are in the process, the willingness
of the expert, and the caliber and skills of people supporting the
relationships after employees leave:
George is looking forward to his retirement. He’s buying
that ranch he’s always wanted and plans on spending lots of time
with his grandchildren. But the door that closes behind him doesn’t
have to seal itself. George will probably be interested in staying
connected to what he spent a lifetime doing and became an expert in.
He might even be willing to work on an as-needed basis, so long
as you’re careful to structure the relationship in a way that
balances his new priorities and recognizes the value of his expertise.
a concerted effort to maintain relationships with former employees –
People of all ages who have worked for the company.
This includes those who quit, got transferred or promoted, as
well as those who retired.
about it. When people leave your company for another job, chances are
they'll be doing new
things that increase their knowledge. They'll certainly have more external exposure, meet more people,
use different kinds of technology, and so on. The knowledge they
acquire could well prove useful to you at some time in the future.
let George walk out the door, but capture his knowledge before he
leaves. Then, maintain a
positive relationship with him. When
you need him, he’ll be more inclined to be there for you.
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